Abstract

A nylon mesh coated with broadband thermochromic liquid crystal was set in different planes perpendicular to the mainstream direction at various locations downstream of the film hole. By the temperature visualization technique, the colorful non-dimensional temperature images on the nylon mesh of cylindrical hole, water-drop hole and dustpan shaped hole at different blowing ratios and turbulence at angle of 30° and 60° were visualized. The visualization experiment visually studied the effects of hole shape, hole inclination angle, blowing ratio and mainstream turbulence on the distribution of the film. The results show that stream-wise diffusion of water-drop hole reduces kidney vortex intensity, making higher attachment of the film of water-drop than that of cylindrical hole, consequently the lateral coverage range of water-drop hole film is wider than that of cylindrical hole film. The lateral diffusion of dustpan shaped hole further reduces the kidney vortex intensity. This obviously increases the film coverage and strengthens the adhesion of film of dustpan shaped hole. Increasing the inclination angle of the hole and the blowing ratio will increase the normal velocity of the jet and increase the thickness of the film. however, increasing inclination angle and blowing ratio will enhance kidney vortex intensity and decrease the film cooling effectiveness. The high turbulent intensity of mainstream will enhance the lateral diffusion of the film and enhance the mixing of the secondary flow and mainstream, so the continuity and uniformity of film are better. However, the intense mix of secondary flow and mainstream results in the non-dimensional temperature of the film drops sharply and the film coverage reduced accordingly.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.