Relative to the rotor overspeed compliance governed by civil aviation airworthiness regulation, nowadays Area-Average Stress method is commonly used approach. However, in order to effectively apply the Area-Average Stress method in analyzing burst speed, large amount of testing data is needed to define an important element of this method: a correction factor. This prerequisite hinders the use of this method for many companies which have limited test data. Meanwhile, analysis of rotor burst speed based on Strain-based Fracture Criteria using true stress-strain curves and burst tests has been done on the LPT rotor, and a work procedure obtaining the most critical burst speed for certification is proposed. The analysis results, which had a good correlation with test results, showed that Strain-based Fracture Criteria can accurately predict the burst speed considering the most adverse combination of dimensional tolerances, temperature, and material properties, and rotor dimensional growth under the overspeed condition. Both are required by the aircraft engine airworthiness overspeed regulation. Compared to the Area-Average Stress method, Strain-based Fracture Criteria reflects the physical essence of the rotor burst more realistically and can be simply verified without requiring too much test data, therefore it has a good application prospect in the aircraft engine airworthiness.