Abstract

This paper investigates the possibility of identifying and monitoring the modal shapes of a turbine blade by means of continuous optical fiber sensors based on Optical Backscatter Reflectometry (OBR). The advantage of this approach would be the possibility of embedding the sensors in future carbon fiber blades, in order to make this modal analysis approach available also for the blade operating conditions, since no modifications in the blade fluid-structure interaction occur. The paper describes the proposed method and provides some experimental results obtained on a 3D printed model of an existing steam turbine blade.

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