Abstract

The aeroengine turbine cavity with pre-swirl structure makes the turbine component obtain better cooling effect, but the complex design of inlet and outlet makes it difficult to determine the heat transfer reference temperature of turbine disk. For the pre-swirl structure with two air intakes, the driving temperature difference of heat transfer between disk and cooling air cannot be determined either in theory or in test, which is usually called three-temperature problem. In this paper, the three-temperature problem of a rotating cavity with two cross inlets are studied by means of experiment and numerical simulation. By substituting the adiabatic wall temperature for the inlet temperature and summarizing its variation law, the problem of selecting the reference temperature of the multi-inlet cavity can be solved. The results show that the distribution of the adiabatic wall temperature is divided into the high jet area and the low inflow area, which are mainly affected by the turbulence parameters λT, the rotating Reynolds number Reω, the high inlet temperature Tf,H* and the low radius inlet temperature Tf,L* of the inflow, while the partition position rd can be considered only related to the turbulence parameters λT and the rotating Reynolds number Reω of the inflow. In this paper, based on the analysis of the numerical simulation results, the calculation formulas of the partition position rd and the adiabatic wall temperature distribution are obtained. The results show that the method of experiment combined with adiabatic wall temperature zone simulation can effectively solve the three-temperature problem of rotating cavity.

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