A full scale-resolving simulation of cascades flutter is time consuming because of computational inefficiency owing to its low nondimensional frequencies. To improve the efficiency and reliability of the numerical analyses for such flows, we propose an efficient scale-resolving simulation method dedicated to time-periodic flows by extending the harmonic balance approach to a large-eddy simulation. This method combines convergence calculations of the steady-state problem based on the harmonic balance method for periodic components, and the nonlinear time-marching method for small scale turbulent fluctuations. Using the proposed method, deterministic periodic components and stochastic turbulent fluctuations are calculated simultaneously, and the effect of turbulent fluctuations on deterministic periodic components is directly calculated without using turbulence models. In this paper, we present the algorithm of the simulation technique and the progress of validation calculations for channel flow excited in the streamwise direction.

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