Abstract

The harsh environment exiting modern gas turbine combustion chamber is characterized by vorticity and temperature perturbations, the latter commonly referred as entropy waves. The interaction of these unsteadiness with the first turbine stage causes non-negligible effects on the aerodynamic performance, blade cooling and noise production. The first of these drawbacks is addressed in this paper by means of an experimental campaign: entropy waves and swirl profile are injected upstream of an axial turbine stage through a novel combustor simulator. Two injection positions and different inlet conditions are considered. Steady and unsteady experimental measurements are carried out through the stage to address the combustor-turbine interaction characterizing the injected disturbance, the nozzle and rotor outlet aerothermal field. The experimental outcomes show a severe reduction of the temperature perturbation already at stator outlet. The generated swirl profile influences significantly the aerodynamic, as it interacts with the stator and rotor secondary flows and wakes. Furthermore, the clocking position changes the region most affected by the disturbance, showing a potential modifying the injection position to minimize the entropy wave and swirl profile impact on the stage. Finally, this work shows that in order to proficiently study entropy waves, the unsteady aerodynamic flow field stator downstream has to be addressed.

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