Abstract

The high heat loads at the leading-edge regions of turbine vanes and blades necessitate the most robust thermal protection, typically accomplished via a dense array of film cooling holes, nicknamed the “showerhead.” Although research has shown that film cooling using shaped holes provides more reliable thermal protection than that using cylindrical holes, the effects on cooling performance from varying the geometric details of the shaped hole design are not well characterized. In this study, adiabatic effectiveness and off-the-wall thermal field measurements were conducted for two shaped hole geometries designed as successors to a baseline hole geometry presented in a previous study. One geometry with a 40% increase in area ratio exhibited only a marginal improvement in adiabatic effectiveness (∼10%). A second design with a 12° forward and lateral expansion angle with a breakout area 40% larger performed marginally worse than its matched area ratio counterpart (∼15% lower), suggesting a negative sensitivity to breakout area. Such changes in performance for different shaped hole designs were small compared to the boost in performance gained by switching from a cylindrical hole to a shaped hole, which suggests cooling performance is insensitive to specific shaped hole details provided the exterior coolant flow is well-attached.

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