Abstract

Complex unsteady phenomena can appear in turbomachinery components and result in the self-sustained oscillatory motion of the fluid as found in aeronautical engines or rocket turbopumps for example. The origin of these oscillations often results from the complex coupling between flow non linearities and structure motion generating major risks for the operation of the engine and even undermining its components. For instance, in turbines, the internal components that are most liable to vibrate are the blades and discs. In this context, it is critical to understand the effect of the vibrating components on the flow stability in rotor/stator cavities. In order to address this problem, an academic rotor/stator cavity subject to periodic wall oscillations is investigated in the current paper where the frequency of the vibrations are imposed and correspond to the previously identified unstable fluid modes inside the cavity. The objective is to understand the behavior of the flow when subject to a periodic forcing imposed by the rotor motion. To do so, predictive numerical strategies are established based on Large Eddy Simulation (LES) in conjunction to a global stability analysis which seem to be a promising method to capture flow instabilities. Focus is here brought to the underlying pressure fluctuations found inside the cavity using spectral analysis complemented with the global stability analysis, demonstrating that such tools can address forced flow problems. More specifically and for all simulations, the results of the global stability analysis are compared to a Dynamic Mode Decomposition (DMD) of LES predictions by reconstructing the corresponding modes through a spatio-temporal approach showing that the new fluid limit cycles present modes that shift or completely disappear compared to the unforced case, the forcing mechanism altering the stability of the entire system.

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