Detailed measurements have been made of the stalled flow in a centrifugal pump-turbine model operating in air. Instantaneous velocity, total pressure and flow angle have been measured with hot wire and pressure probes at the impeller inlet and outlet and in the vaned diffuser for several pump operating points, ranging from nominal to very low flow rates.

Three distinct stall phenomena have been found to affect the pump operation at reduced flow rates. The unsteady characteristics of these unstable flows have been analysed both in time and in frequency domain by means of Fourier transforms of the velocity signals. The changes in the flow structure, correlated to the occurrence of the observed stall conditions, have been investigated by means of phase-locked ensemble averages of the instantaneous velocity components at the impeller outlet and surveys of the mean total pressure and absolute flow angle distributions within the diffuser passages.

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