This paper describes a simple two-dimensional model for the calculation of the leakage flow over the blade tips of axial turbines. The results obtained from calculations are compared with data obtained from experimental studies of two linear turbine cascades. One of these cascades has been investigated by the authors and previously unpublished experimental data is provided for comparison with the model. In each of the test cases examined, excellent agreement is obtained between the experimental and predicted data. Although ignored in the past, the importance of pressure gradients along the blade chord is highlighted as a major factor influencing the tip leakage flow.

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