At the Institut für Thermische Strömungsmaschinen in Karlsruhe new design concepts for thermally high-loaded ceramic gas turbine components were developed. The present concept is based on a load-oriented segmentation in combination with a flexible suspension and thermal insulation of the ceramic structure. The concept was applied to a flame tube for a small gas turbine. In order to ensure real operating conditions, a Klöckner Humboldt Deutz T216 type gas turbine was used as test bed for the ceramic combustor.
The paper gives a description of the combustor and the test rig. Furthermore, experimental results of the engine tests with special emphasis on the liner wall temperature distribution for various steady and transient operating conditions are presented. A major result of the tests is that the design concept proved to be reliable under real engine conditions. After more than 100 hours no failure of the ceramic parts occured. In order to determine the thermal load of the ceramic flame tube under real conditions, the experimental investigations are supported by numerical calculations.