Performance of an axial compressor rotor depends largely on the tip leakage flow. Tip leakage flow results in tip leakage vortex which is a source of loss. This has an impact on the compressor efficiency as well as stall margin. A lot of work has been done to understand the tip leakage flow and controlling the same. Active and passive stall margin improvement methods mainly target the tip leakage vortex.
In the current study, numerical investigations are carried out to understand flow fields near tip region of rotors. The blade tip designed to have a tip gap as sine and cosine waves (single and double waves). Numerical methodology is validated with NASA Rotor37 test results. The performance parameters of the rotors with modified tip gap shapes are compared with constant tip clearance rotor. A detailed flow field investigation is presented to compare the tip flow structure and its impact on overall performance of the compressor.