This third in a series of four papers (Parts I–IV) presents the equations used for the initial evaluation of a pump’s ability to suspend solids and extends those equations to establish the minimum local velocity required to suspend those solids. This minimum velocity was used in a finite difference model in Part I to predict the ability of a pump to suspend, or slurry, solids that had settled on the bottom of a nuclear waste tank. To slurry waste, the Advanced Design Mixer Pump (ADMP) discharges a fluid jet that impinges on, shears, and then suspends the waste. Prior to the pump’s installation in a waste tank, the local velocity at a point in the flow required to suspend solids was found from available equations, material properties, and empirical data for similar pumps. Also, the computational fluids dynamics (CFD) model was validated in Part II by comparing it to flow rates measured in a full scale test facility where the ADMP was operated. The CFD fluid model could then be used to predict flow rates throughout the actual waste tank where the pump was to be installed, and the ability of the pump to adequately slurry the waste could be shown. All that needed to be done was to compare the local velocity of the fluid required to shear the waste into suspension to the velocities modeled throughout the waste tank. In short, this paper validates the theoretical and experimental basis for the derivation of a minimum velocity required for the flow stream to shear the waste into suspension. The final installment to this series of papers (Part IV) validates the application of the CFD model, by concluding that a nuclear waste tank is effectively cleaned to the wall throughout most of tank, using the ADMP.

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