This paper extends from our previous results which suggest that fastening and joining methods preferred for assembly and scrap-material recycling do not necessarily facilitate remanufacture. We identify, through collaboration with three remanufacturing companies, primary factors that determine the life-cycle fastening and joining cost of products that are remanufactured. These factors, that also determine life-cycle joint reliability, are the fastening or joining method specified during design, the disassembly and reassembly method used during remanufacture, and the repair policy. A reliability model was applied to describe the failure characteristics of the joint so that part failure and replacement costs can be estimated over a specified length of product service. We then present an illustrative sample search space and the resulting life-cycle costs. A larger search space would require the use of optimization methods to minimize life-cycle costs. The fastening and joining plan, consisting of the above three factors, is represented for genetic algorithm optimization to be used on larger search spaces in the future.

You do not currently have access to this content.