A method for designing multifunctional compliant mechanisms with smart material actuation is presented. A topology optimization approach is proposed where both passive and active elements can act as design variables. The target application is multifunctional instruments for minimally invasive surgery, which stands to benefit significantly from the advances provided by compliant mechanisms and smart material actuators. Design examples are presented to illustrate the method and the effect of including actuator elements as design variables on the topology and performance of the optimal solution.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.