The spatial distribution of material phases within a periodic composite can be engineered to produce band gaps in its frequency spectrum. Applications for such composite materials include vibration and sound isolation. Previous research focused on utilizing topology optimization techniques to design two-dimensional periodic materials with a maximized band gap around a particular frequency or between two particular dispersion branches. While sizable band gaps can be realized, the possibility remains that the frequency bandwidth of the load that is to be isolated might significantly exceed the size of the band gap. In this paper, genetic algorithms are used to design squared bi-material unit cells with a maximized sum of relative band-gap widths over a prescribed frequency range of interest. The optimized unit cells therefore exhibit broadband frequency isolation characteristics. The effects of the ratios of contrasting material properties are also studied. The designed cells are subsequently used, with varying levels of material damping, to form a finite vibration isolation structure, which is subjected to broadband loading conditions. Excellent isolation properties of the synthesized material are demonstrated for this structure.
- Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
Tailoring of Two-Dimensional Band-Gap Materials for Broadband Frequency Isolation
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Hussein, MI, Hamza, K, Hulbert, GM, & Saitou, K. "Tailoring of Two-Dimensional Band-Gap Materials for Broadband Frequency Isolation." Proceedings of the ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Volume 1: 21st Biennial Conference on Mechanical Vibration and Noise, Parts A, B, and C. Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. September 4–7, 2007. pp. 485-494. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2007-35226
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