The performance of an aero engine can be increased in two ways: one by reducing the air requirement for the cooling of the turbine blades and secondly by increasing the turbine inlet temperature (TIT) that is operating temperature of the turbine blades. Taking into account the latter approach the blade material must withstand high temperatures of above 1350°C. For this enhancing purpose, protective coatings called the thermal barrier coatings (TBC) are being employed. The thermal barrier coating mainly consists of two layers; one is the metallic coating MCrAlY, which is the premiere layer over the substrate Ni based super alloy. The other is the ceramic layer made of Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ). Apart from these two layers, an intermediate layer of Al2O3 is formed by the oxidation of the aluminum in MCrAlY called the diffusion layer which also enhances the adhesion between the two layers. M stands for Nickel or Cobalt. The present study is an investigation on the in-situ thermal performance of TBCs by considering the ceramic layer as a semi-transparent media and varying its thickness and simultaneously increasing the operating temperature on its other boundary surface. The above thermal boundary value problem is modeled in 2-dimensions and solved numerically using the discrete ordinate model for radiative heat transfer in a commercial computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer software. Two samples of Ni based super alloy substrate with dimensions 40 × 100 × 3mm are considered; one sample with a thickness of 0.25 mm ceramic layer and the other sample with 1 mm coating thickness for transient thermal analysis. Simulated transient temperature histories are presented for use in a thermo-mechanical analysis in order to predict the failure modes in the TBC. The temperature distribution in TBC coating mainly depends on the radiative effects combined with heat conduction and convection and radiation at the material boundaries.
Two-Dimensional Thermal Performance Analysis of a Semi-Transparent Spectral Zirconia Thermal Barrier Coating
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Uppu, N, Mensah, PF, & Diwan, R. "Two-Dimensional Thermal Performance Analysis of a Semi-Transparent Spectral Zirconia Thermal Barrier Coating." Proceedings of the ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Heat Transfer, Volume 1. Anaheim, California, USA. November 13–19, 2004. pp. 651-658. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2004-62356
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