The global power potential of the waves that hit all the coasts worldwide has been estimated to be in the order of 1 TW. On an average, each wave crest transmits 10–50 kW/m of energy and this corresponds to 15 to 20 times more energy per meter than wind or solar energies. Wave energy is environmentally friendly and is the most consistent of all the intermittent sources. While wind, solar and wave are all intermittent, wave is the most consistent. Availability of waves is 90% compared to 30% for wind and solar energy. The oscillating water column (OWC) is the most investigated wave energy converter (WEC). OWC is a partially submerged hollow structure positioned, either vertically or at an angle. The bidirectional flow of air above the water column is used to drive a turbine. Majority of the OWC devices have chambers which are perpendicular to the incident waves. These conventional OWCs suffer severely from flow separation that occurs at the sharp corners of the chamber. In order to address this issue, researchers have proposed inclining the chamber at an angle with respect to the incident waves. This improves the flow characteristics. In addition to this, the flow in the chamber which ultimately decides the turbine performance, also increases. In the present study, the effect of OWC inclination on rotor performance was numerically studied using commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code ANSYS CFX. The results highlight that the 55° inclined OWC showed improved performance when compared to the conventional OWC and current OWC. The maximum power for the inclined OWC was 13% higher than that recorded for the rotor in the current OWC and 28% than that recorded in the conventional OWC at mean wave condition. The 55° inclined OWC recorded peak rotor power of 23.2 kW which corresponded to an efficiency of 27.6% at the mean sea state. The peak power and efficiency at maximum sea state was 26.5 kW and 21.5% respectively. Higher oscillation was observed in the 55° inclined OWC. The combination of increased flow rate and energy in the flow lead to better performance of the 55° inclined OWC.
Effect of Oscillating Water Column Chamber Inclination on the Performance of a Savonius Rotor
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Prasad, DD, Ahmed, MR, & Lee, Y. "Effect of Oscillating Water Column Chamber Inclination on the Performance of a Savonius Rotor." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 6B: Energy. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. November 9–15, 2018. V06BT08A031. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2018-87313
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