Coiled structures made from polymer and Carbon Nanotube (CNT) yarns are used as artificial muscles, stretchable conductors, and energy harvesters. The purpose of this work is to present our latest understanding of the mechanical behavior of these CNT-based structures. CNT yarns are fabricated by inserting twists in sheets spun from CNT forests. Over twisting the CNT yarns results in coiled CNT yarns, similar to a spring where the spring radius is comparable to the diameter of the CNT yarn. In this study, we explain the development and validation of a viscoelastic model, to capture damping and hysteresis in CNT yarns under quasi-static and dynamic loads. Confirmation of linear viscoelastic behavior of CNT yarns can lead us to the development of a model for coiled CNT yarns. Coiled CNT yarns, on the other hand, show a complex non-linear viscoelastic behavior. Possible mechanisms responsible for this non-linear behavior are discussed.

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