This paper presents an experimental study on drag reduction induced by PEO (Polyethylene oxide) in a fully turbulent pipe flow. The objective of this work is to develop a correlation to predict drag reduction using the relaxation time of the polymer additives under dilute solution conditions, i.e., the polymer concentration is less than the overlap concertation. This paper discusses the meaning of relaxation time of polymers, and why the Weissenberg number, a dimensionless number that is related to the relaxation time and shear rate, is independent on the concentration in the dilute solution. Experimental data of drag reduction in a pipe flow are obtained from measurements using a flow loop. A correlation to predict drag reduction with the Weissenberg number and polymer concentration is established and a good agreement is shown between the predicted values and experimental data. The new correlation using the Weissenberg number and polymer concentration is shown to cost less to develop than one using the Reynolds number, in which larger pipes or higher flow rates are required.
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Predicting Drag Reduction in Turbulent Pipe Flow With Relaxation Time of Polymer Additives
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Zhang, X, Duan, X, Muzychka, Y, & Wang, Z. "Predicting Drag Reduction in Turbulent Pipe Flow With Relaxation Time of Polymer Additives." Proceedings of the 2018 12th International Pipeline Conference. Volume 3: Operations, Monitoring, and Maintenance; Materials and Joining. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. September 24–28, 2018. V003T04A052. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPC2018-78701
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