The use of relief valves is crucial for the safety of power plants. Indeed, these simple and robust in their design valves are the ultimate protection when all other systems are insufficient. This study is focused on valve opening characteristics which can be concluded through the determination of flowforces applied at the valve disk. A spring loaded safety relief valve (1 1/2 G 3) and transparent model of this valve are tested under static conditions. The spring is removed and the forces exerted at the valve disk for different inlet pressures and lift positions are measured. Compressible, incompressible and two-phase flow behaviors are investigated and compared. Inversed force of air and water is noticed above a certain value of valve lift. Numerical simulations are performed to verify experimental findings.

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