The flow characteristics and heat transfer are studied in a vertical annulus of a heated cylinder surrounded by a permeable cylinder, subject to cross uniform wind with open end to the environment and in the presence of natural convection. The objective here is to develop a computationally efficient model capable of capturing the physics of the flow and heat transport to predict air renewal rates in the vertical annulus. The small quantities of air infiltrating/exfiltrating through the porous cylinder over its upstream/downstream regions do not substantially affect the external flow pattern around the clothed cylinder. The air annulus flow and heat transport model predicted the radial and vertical mass fluxes and the mass flow rate at the opening as a function of environment conditions, porous cylinder thermal properties, wind speed, and annulus geometry. Experiments were performed in a low speed wind tunnel (0.5–5 m/s), in which an isothermally heated vertical cylinder surrounded by a clothed outer cylinder was placed in uniform cross wind. The tracer gas method is used to predict total ventilation flow rates through the fabric and the opening. Good agreement was found between the model and experimental measurements of air renewal rate and predicted heat loss from the inner cylinder at steady conditions. A parametric study is performed to study the effect of wind speed and temperature difference between the wind and skin temperature on induced ventilation through the clothing and the opening. It is found that natural convection enhances ventilation of the annulus air at wind speed, less than 3 m/s, while at higher speeds, natural convection effect is negligible. As the temperature difference between external wind and inner cylinder surface increases, the vertical air temperature gradient and total upward airflow through the opening increase.
Experimental and Theoretical Study of Ventilation and Heat Loss From Isothermally Heated Clothed Vertical Cylinder in Uniform Flow Field
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Ghaddar, N., Ghali, K., Al-Othmani, M., Holmer, I., and Kuklane, K. (February 23, 2010). "Experimental and Theoretical Study of Ventilation and Heat Loss From Isothermally Heated Clothed Vertical Cylinder in Uniform Flow Field." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. May 2010; 77(3): 031011. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4000429
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