RESEARCH PAPERS: Arctic Engineering

Coefficients of Friction of Sea Ice on Beach Gravel

[+] Author and Article Information
L. H. Shapiro, R. C. Metzner

Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska-Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 109(4), 388-390 (Nov 01, 1987) (3 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3257036 History: Received April 22, 1987; Online October 30, 2009


The coefficients of static and kinetic friction of sea ice on unfrozen beach gravel were calculated from measurements made while dragging two large blocks of sea ice (approximate weights 23,300 and 26,400 lb (10,600 and 12,000 kg)) in short increments up a sloping beach surface. The results of 36 separate experiments yielded values of the coefficients in static and kinetic friction of μs = 0.50 and μk = 0.39, respectively. These values should be applicable to calculations of the forces required to drive an ice sheet on shore during an ice push event.

Copyright © 1987 by ASME
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