RESEARCH PAPERS: Arctic Engineering

A Three-Dimensional Dynamic Model for Determining the Equilibrium Configurations of Buoyantly Unstable Icebergs

[+] Author and Article Information
R. G. Jessup, S. Venkatesh

Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview, Ontario, Canada

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 112(3), 253-262 (Aug 01, 1990) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2919864 History: Received August 31, 1989


This paper describes a dynamic model developed for the purpose of determining the final equilibrium configurations of buoyantly unstable icebergs. The model places no restrictions on the size, shape, or dimensionality of the iceberg, or on the variation range of the configuration coordinates. Furthermore, it includes all six degrees of freedom and is based on a Lagrangian formulation of the dynamic equations of motion. It can be used to advantage in those situations in which the iceberg has a complicated potential function and can acquire enough momentum and kinetic energy in the initial phase of its motion to make its final configuration uncertain on the basis of a static potential analysis. The behavior of the model is examined through several model simulations. The sensitivity of the final equilibrium position to the initial orientation and shape of the iceberg is clearly evident in the model simulations. Model simulations also show that when an iceberg is released from a nonequilibrium initial state, the time taken for it to settle down varies from about 40 s for a growler to nearly 400 s for a large iceberg. While these absolute times may change with better parameterization of the forces, the relative variations with iceberg size are likely to be preserved.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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