RESEARCH PAPERS: Arctic Engineering

Triaxial Testing of Freshwater Ice at Low Confining Pressures

[+] Author and Article Information
J. P. Nadreau

Ministry for Science, Industry, Science and Technology Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

A. M. Nawwar

Arctec Canada Limited, Kanata, Ontario, Canada

Y. S. Wang

Exxon Production Research Company, Houston, TX 77001

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 113(3), 260-265 (Aug 01, 1991) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2919929 History: Received February 16, 1989; Revised July 27, 1990


Tests have been conducted on freshwater columnar ice samples to determine the uniaxial and triaxial compressive strength of the ice. Four parameters were varied. The confining pressure was increased up to 2.85 MPa (400 psi) in steps of 0.7 MPa (100 psi). The strain rate was varied in order to obtain the ductile to brittle transition peak. Temperature was kept mainly at −2°, with two series at −10°C and −20°C, and samples were machined with axes parallel, perpendicular or at a 45-deg angle to the direction of ice growth. The results are presented within their original context, but analyzed with reference to recent studies conducted on the multiaxial behavior of ice.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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