RESEARCH PAPERS: Offshore Mechanics

Design of Fixed Offshore Platforms to Dynamic Ship Impact Loads

[+] Author and Article Information
M. J. Sterndorff

Danish Hydraulic Institute, Horsholm, Denmark

J. Waegter

Rambo̸ll, Hannemann and Ho̸jlund A/S, Esbjerg, Denmark

C. Eilersen

Mærsk Olie and Gas A/S, Esbjerg, Denmark

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 114(3), 146-153 (Aug 01, 1992) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2919966 History: Received August 06, 1991; Revised February 21, 1992; Online June 12, 2008


A ship impact is a dynamic phenomenon and the dynamic global load effects can be significant, especially for small platforms where dynamic loads from the ship impact can be larger than the extreme environmental loads and the ship impact can govern the design of the platform. This paper describes a detailed procedure for dynamic analysis of fixed offshore platforms exposed to ship impacts. The procedure includes: • a consistent description of the motion of the vessel and dynamic interaction with the platform during the impact; • a realistic description of the global dynamic behavior of the platform during the impact; • detailed calculation of the transient hydrodynamic pressure forces acting on the vessel during the impact; and • a realistic description of the local deformation zone at the point of impact. The equations of motion for the vessel and the platform are solved simultaneously in the time domain, and the overall dynamic loads acting on the platform during the impact are determined by means of the modal superposition principle. The procedure has been applied for the design and subsequent risk analysis of three small tripod tower-type platforms to impacts from drifting supply vessels. The effect of the number of mode shapes used for representation of the dynamic behavior of the platforms, and the influence of the transient hydrodynamic pressure forces have been investigated. Critical velocity tables for different impact situations have been developed. For nearly all the situations investigated, the critical collapse criterion was overturning of the platform due to pull-out of piles in tension.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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