The Flexural Response of a Submarine Pipeline to an Underwater Explosion Bubble

[+] Author and Article Information
Z. Zong, K. Y. Lam

Institute of High Performance Computing, 89-C Science Park Drive, No. 02-11/12, The Rutherford, Singapore Science Park I, Singapore 118261

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 122(3), 194-199 (Mar 31, 2000) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1286518 History: Received July 23, 1999; Revised March 31, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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Zong,  Z., Lam,  K. Y., and Liu,  G. R., 1999, “Probabilistic Risk Prediction of Submarine Pipelines Subjected to Underwater Shock,” ASME J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng., 121, pp. 251–254.
Cole, R. H., 1948, Underwater Explosion, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Prosperetti, A., 1993, “Bubble Dynamics: Some Things We Did Not Know 10 Years Ago,” Bubble Dynamics and Interface Phenomena, Blake, J. B., Boulton-Stone, J. M., and Thomas N. H., eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 3–16.
Hicks, A. N., 1986, “Explosion Induced Hull Whipping,” Advances in Marine Structures, Smith, C. S. and Clarke, J. D., eds., Elsevier Applied Science Publishers, pp. 390–410.
Duncan, J. H., and Milligan, C. D., 1993, “Numerical Simulation of the Interaction of an Explosion Bubble With a Submerged Spherical Pressure Vessel,” Bubble Dynamics and Interface Phenomena, Blake, J. B., Boulton-Stone, J. M., and Thomas, N. H., eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 437–444.
Newman, J., 1978, Marine Hydrodynamics, The MIT Press, Cambridge, UK.
Vermon, T. A., 1986, “Whipping Response of Ship Hulls from Underwater Explosion Bubble Loading,” Technical Memorandum 86/225, Defense Research Establishment Atlantic.
DeRuntz, Jr., J. A, 1989, “The Underwater Shock Analysis Code and Its Applications,” Proc., 60th Shock and Vibration Symposium, David Taylor Research Center, Bethesda, MD, Vol. 1, pp. 89–107.


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Pressure at 18 m from a 135-kg TNT charge
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A submarine pipeline subjected to an underwater bubble—(a) coordinate system; (b) oil pipe section
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Interaction between a bubble and a pipeline
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Pipe-seabed interaction added mass (ma) versus unbounded flow added mass (ma)
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Time history of the bubble radius
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Response of a long cylindrical beam
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Load distribution at three time steps
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Mid-span response of the pipeline—(a) mid-span deflection; (b) mid-span pressure
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Time history of stress—(a) in concrete (N/m2); (b) in steel (N/m2)
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Maximum responses versus pipe length—(a) maximum stresses; (b) maximum deflection



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