On the Growth of Wind-Generated Waves in a Swell-Dominated Region in the South Atlantic

[+] Author and Article Information
Nelson Violante-Carvalho

University of Southampton, Southampton Oceanography Centre-SOC, Southampton, SO14 3ZH, UKe-mail: violante.carvalho@soton.ac.uk

Carlos Eduardo Parente

Rio de Janeiro Federal University COPPE/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Ian S. Robinson

University of Southampton, Southampton Oceanography Centre-SOC, Southampton, SO14 3ZH, UK

Luis Manoel P. Nunes

Brazilian Oil Company CENPES/PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 124(1), 14-21 (Aug 04, 2001) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1423636 History: Received July 24, 2000; Revised August 04, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Dobson,  F., Perrie,  W., and Toulany,  B., 1989, “On the Deep-Water Fetch Laws for Wind-Generated Surface Gravity Waves,” Atmosphere-Ocean, 27(1), pp. 210–236.
Donelan,  M. A., Hamilton,  J., and Hui,  W. H., 1985, “Directional Spectra of Wind-Generated Waves,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A, 315, pp. 509–562.
Komen, G. J., Cavaleri, L., Donelan M., Hasselmann, K., Hasselmann, S., and Janssen, P. A. E. M., 1994, Dynamics and Modelling of Ocean Waves, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Great Britain.
Kitaigorodskii,  S. A., 1962, “Applications of the Theory of Similarity to the Analysis of Wind-Generated Gravity Waves,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Geophys. Ser., 1, pp. 105–117.
Phillips,  O. M., 1958, “The Equilibrium Range in the Spectrum of Wind-Generated Waves,” J. Fluid Mech., 4, pp. 426–434.
Pierson,  W. J., and Moskowitz,  L., 1964, “A Proposed Spectral Form for Fully Developed Wind Seas Based on the Similarity Theory of S. A. Kitaigorodskii,” J. Geophys. Res., 69(24), pp. 5181–5190.
Hasselmann, K., Barnett, T. P., Ouws, F., Carlson, H., Cartwright, D. E., Enke, K., Ewing, J. A., Gienapp, H., Hasselmann, D. E., Krusemann, P., Meerburg, A., Muller, P., Olbers, D. J., Richter, K., Sell, W., and Walden, H., 1973, Measurements of Wind-Wave Growth and Swell Decay During the Joint North Sea Wave Project (JONSWAP). Dtsch. Hydrogr. Z. Suppl., A8(12).
Longuet-Higgins,  M. S., 1969, “On Wave Breaking and the Equilibrium Spectrum of Wind-Generated Waves,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A, A310, pp. 151–159.
Phillips,  O. M., 1985, “Spectral and Statistical Properties of the Equilibrium Range in Wind-Generated Gravity Waves,” J. Fluid Mech., 156, pp. 505–531.
Toba,  Y., 1973, “Local Balance in the Air-Sea Boundary Processes, III. On the Spectrum of Wind Waves,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn., 29, pp. 209–220.
Mitsuyasu,  H., Tasai,  F., Suhara,  T., Mizuno,  S., Ohkusu,  M., Honda,  T., and Rikiishi,  K., 1975, “Observations of the Directional Spectrum of Ocean Waves Using a Cloverleaf Buoy,” J. Phys. Oceanogr., 5, pp. 750–760.
Rodriguez,  G., and Soares,  C. Guedes, 1999, “Uncertainty in the Estimation of the Slope of the High Frequency Tail of Wave Spectra,” Appl. Ocean. Res., 21, pp. 207–213.
Liu,  P. C., 1989, “On the Slope of the Equilibrium Range in the Frequency Spectrum of Wind Waves,” J. Geophys. Res., 94(C4), pp. 5017–5023.
Young,  I. R., 1998, “Observations of the Spectra of Hurricane Generated Waves,” Ocean Eng., 25(4–5), pp. 261–276.
Rodriguez,  G., Soares,  C. Guedes, and Ocampo-Torres,  F. J., 1999, “Experimental Evidence of the Transition Between Power Law Models in the High Frequency Range of the Gravity Wave Spectrum,” Coastal Eng., 38, pp. 249–259.
Kitaigorodskii,  S. A., 1983, “On the Theory of the Equilibrium Range in the Spectrum of Wind-Generated Gravity Waves,” J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, pp. 816–827.
Marple, Jr., S. L., 1987, Digital Spectral Analysis, Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Longuet-Higgins, M. S., Cartwright, D. E., and Smith, N. D., 1963, Observations of the Directional Spectrum of Sea Waves Using the Motion of a Floating Buoy. Ocean Wave Spectra, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, pp. 111–136.
Lygre,  A., and Krogstad,  H. E., 1986, “Maximum Entropy Estimation of the Directional Distribution in Ocean Wave Spectra,” J. Phys. Oceanogr., 16, pp. 2052–2060.
Young,  I. R., 1994, “On the Measurement of Directional Wave Spectra,” Appl. Ocean. Res., 16, pp. 283–294.
Violante-Carvalho, N., 1998, “Investigation of the Wave Climate in Campos Basin, Rio de Janeiro-Brazil and Its Correlation With the Meteorological Situations,” (in Portuguese), Master’s thesis, Rio de Janeiro University, COPPE/UFRJ.
Ochi, M. K., and Hubble, E. N., 1976, “On Six-Parameter Wave Spectra,” Proc. 15th Coastal Engineering Conf. ASCE, pp. 321–328.
Guedes Soares,  C., 1984, “Representation of Double-Peaked Sea Wave Spectra,” Ocean Eng., 11(2), pp. 185–207.
McCarthy, T. J., 1989, “Spectral Fitting Procedures for Double Peaked Wave Spectra,” Dock and Harbour Engineering Conference, Suratkal, India, 1989, December 6–9.
Rodriguez,  G., and Guedes Soares,  C., 1999, “A Criterion for the Automatic Identification of Multimodal Sea Wave Spectra,” Appl. Ocean. Res., 21, pp. 329–333.
Pierson,  W. J., 1977, Comments on “A Parametric Wave Prediction Model,” J. Phys. Oceanogr., 7, pp. 127–137.
Guedes Soares,  C., and Nolasco,  M. C., 1992, “Spectral Modeling of Sea States With Multiple Wave Systems,” ASME J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng., 114, pp. 278–284.
Hasselmann,  K., Ross,  D. B., and Sell,  W., 1976, “A Parametric Wave Prediction Model,” J. Phys. Oceanogr., 6, pp. 200–228.
Tucker,  M. J., 1989, “Interpreting Directional Data From Large Pitch-Roll-Heave Buoys,” Ocean Eng., 16(2), pp. 173–192.
Hanson,  J. L., and Phillips,  O. M., 1999, “Wind Sea Growth and Dissipation in the Open Ocean,” J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, pp. 1633–1648.


Grahic Jump Location
Position of Campos Basin in the coast off Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the wave buoy. The shaded areas are the petroleum fields.
Grahic Jump Location
Flow chart of the algorithm for the spectral adjustment of the 1-D wave spectrum
Grahic Jump Location
Examples of the adjusted wave spectrum. Top panels show the measured 1-D spectrum (solid line) and the adjusted spectrum (dashed line) for a bimodal (left) and trimodal (right) case. Bottom panels show the respective directional or 2-D spectra calculated using the maximum entropy method.
Grahic Jump Location
Distribution of the exponent n for the 243 selected cases of windsea decay in the form S(f )∝f−n. All the cases with decays smaller than −10 were put together at the last bin.
Grahic Jump Location
Values of the high-frequency level α as a function of the reciprocal wave age U10/cp for a decay in the form S(f )∝f−5. The solid line is the best fit to the data α=0.0078(U10/cp)0.7295 and the dashed line is the JONSWAP relationship for α in terms of U10/cp,α=0.0080(U10/cp)0.73.



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In