Research Papers: Materials Technology

Experimental Residual Stress and Geometric Imperfections on Pressure Hull Instability Analysis

[+] Author and Article Information
Paulo Rogério Franquetto

Energetic and Nuclear Research Institute,
Avenue Professor Lineu Prestes, 2242,
São Paulo, SP 05508-000, Brazil
e-mail: franquetto@usp.br

Miguel Mattar Neto

Energetic and Nuclear Research Institute,
Avenue Professor Lineu Prestes, 2242,
São Paulo, SP 05508-000, Brazil
e-mail: mmattar@usp.br

Contributed by the Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF OFFSHORE MECHANICS AND ARCTIC ENGINEERING. Manuscript received February 6, 2017; final manuscript received November 7, 2017; published online January 2, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Hagbart S. Alsos.

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 140(3), 031401 (Jan 02, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: OMAE-17-1019; doi: 10.1115/1.4038582 History: Received February 06, 2017; Revised November 07, 2017

Residual stress produced by cold bending and welding processes contributes to the collapse pressure reduction of submarine hulls. Usually, the residual stress profiles used to quantify this reduction are obtained from analytical or numerical models. However, such models have limitations to take into account cold bending and welding in the same time. Hence, experimental analyses are necessary to better quantify the residual stress. Based on that, this paper presents residual stress experimental results obtained at six points on a pressure hull prototype using X-ray portable system. Based on these results, the residual stress profiles through the material thickness were estimated for each region on the frame by using a polynomial approximation. These profiles were introduced in a nonlinear finite element numerical model to study the collapse pressure reduction. Experimental results available on the literature were also used. Material and geometric nonlinearities were considered in the analysis. The results show that the residual stress reduces the collapse pressure as part of the frame web has stress level higher than the material yield. The preload introduced by the residual stress plays a less important role for the collapse pressure reduction at higher out-of-roundness and out-of-straightness defect amplitudes.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Burcher, R. , and Rydill, L. , 1998, Concepts in Submarine Design, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, Chap. 1.
Mackay, J. , 2007, “Structural Analysis and Design of Pressure Hulls: The State of the Art and Future Trends,” Defence R&D Canada-Atlantic, Toronto, ON, Canada, Technical Report No. TM-2007-188. http://pubs.drdc-rddc.gc.ca/BASIS/pcandid/www/engpub/DDW?W%3DSYSNUM=529467
Masabuchi, K. , 1980, Analysis of Welded Structures: Residual Stresses, Distortion and Their Consequence, Pergamon Press, New York, Chap. 13.
Graham, D. , 2007, “ Predicting the Collapse of Externally Pressurized Ring-Stiffened Cylinders Using Finite Element Analysis,” Mar. Struct., 20(4), pp. 202–217. [CrossRef]
Gannon, L. , 2010, “Prediction of the Effects of the Cold Bending on Submarine Pressure Hull Collapse,” Defence R&D Canada-Atlantic, Toronto, ON, Canada, Technical Report No. TM-2010-065. http://cradpdf.drdc-rddc.gc.ca/PDFS/unc104/p534276_A1b.pdf
Franquetto, P. R. , and Mattar Neto, M. , 2016, “ Finite Element Cold Bending Residual Stress Evaluation on Submarine Pressure Hull Instability Assessment,” ASME J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng., 138(6), p. 061101. [CrossRef]
Krenzke, M. , 1960, “Effect of Initial Deflections and Residual Welding Stresses on Elastic Behavior and Collapse Pressure of Stiffened Cylinders Subjected to External Hydrostatic Pressure,” David Taylor Model Basin, Washington, DC, Report No. 1327. https://dome.mit.edu/handle/1721.3/48871
Bushnell, D. , 1980, “ Effect of Cold Bending and Welding on Buckling of Ring-Stiffened Cylinders,” Comput. Struct., 12(3), pp. 291–307. [CrossRef]
Shan-Khan, M. Z. , Baldwin, N. J. , Saunders, D. S. , and Sanford, D. H. , 1993, “An Investigation of the Potential for Residual Stress Measurements During Submarine Hull Fabrication,” DSTO Materials Research Laboratory, Australia, Report No. MRL-TR-93-8. http://oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=ADA274834
Kingston, E. J. , Stefanescu, D. , Mahmoudi, A. H. , Truman, C. E. , and Smith, D. J. , 2006, “ Novel Applications of the Deep-Hole Drilling Technique for Measuring Through-Thickness Residual Stress Distributions,” J. ASTM Int., 3(4), pp. 1–12. [CrossRef]
Navantia, 2014, “S-80 Submarine Made in Spain Innovation for the Design of a Submarine,” Navantia, Madri, Spain, accessed Aug. 15, 2014, http://www.navantia.es/eng/files
Spain Business, 2010, “The Large Vessels Built in Spain,” Spain Business, Madri, Spain, accessed Jan. 5, 2015, http://www.spainbusiness.com.br/icex/cda/controller/pageGen/0,3346,1549487_6719925_6728366_4588557_-1_2,00.html
Jeugenio, 2015, “El Proyecto del Nuevo Submarino S-80 Plus,” Jeugenio, Madri, Spain, accessed Jan. 5, 2015, http://fj-lasideasdejeugenio.blogspot.com.br/2015/01/el-proyecto-del-nuevo-submarino-s-80.html
Arpin, K. R. , and Trimble, T. F. , 2003, “Material Properties Test to Determine Ultimate Strain and True Stress-True Strain Curves for High Yield Steels,” General Dynamics, White Plains, NY, Technical Report No. 19184. https://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/815195
Estefen, S. F. , Gurova, T. , Cartello, X. , and Leontiev, A. , 2009, “ Surface Residual Stress Evaluation in Double-Electrode Butt Welded Steel Plates,” Mater. Des., 31(3), pp. 1622–1627. [CrossRef]
Hughes, O. F., 1993, Ship Structural Design: A Rationally-Based, Computer-Aided, Optimization Approach, SNAME, Jersey City, NJ, Chap. 11.
Paik, J. K. , and Thayamballi, A. K. , 2003, Ultimate Limit State Design of Steel-Plated Structures, Wiley, Chichester, UK, Chap. 1.
ANSYS, 2014, “Mechanical APDL Version 15,” ANSYS, Houston, TX.
Deheeger, F. , Cazuguel, M. , Willaume, P. , and Pendola, M. , 2009, “ Application de la Méthode SMART au Flambement de Coques Résistantes de Sous-Marins,” 9e Colloque National en Calcul de Structures CSMA, Giens, France, May 5–6.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of the X-ray measure points on the pressure hull prototype

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Representation of the pressure hull adoped geometry, dimensions in millimeters

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Schematic representation of each residual stress profile application area

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Residual stress profile 1 from Ref. [10]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Simplified representation of the polynomial approximation for the residual stress profile

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Residual stress profile 2

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Residual stress profile 3

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Residual stress profile 4 (circumferential)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Residual stress profile 4 (longitudinal)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Main parameter used to estimate the residual stress distribution on the web

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Residual stress profile 5 (circumferential)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Residual stress profile 6 (radial)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Boundary conditions for the instability model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Elastic interframe buckling pressure for different n2

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Finite element mesh

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Depth × radial displacement curves for 0.3%R out-of-roundness defect amplitude and no out-of-straightness defect

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Nonlinear buckling failure mode with residual stress, displacements in millimeters

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 18

von Mises equivalent stress distribution through the frame at the middle of the pressure hull

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 19

Collapse depth for different out-of-roundness amplitude (%R). No out-of-straightness was applied.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 20

Collapse reduction factor due to the residual stress for different out-of-roundness amplitude (%R)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 21

Collapse depth for different out-of-straightness amplitude (%t) combined with 0.3%R out-of-roundness defect

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 22

Collapse reduction factor due to the residual stress for different out-of-straightness amplitude (%t)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 23

Typical buckling failure mode with out-of-straightness defect, displacement in millimeters



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In