The modular taper junction in total hip replacements has been implicated as a possible source of wear. The finite-element (FE) method can be used to study the wear potential at the taper junction. For such simulations it is important to implement representative contact parameters, in order to achieve accurate results. One of the main parameters in FE simulations is the coefficient of friction. However, in current literature, there is quite a wide spread in coefficient of friction values (0.15 − 0.8), which has a significant effect on the outcome of the FE simulations. Therefore, to obtain more accurate results, one should use a coefficient of friction that is determined for the specific material couple being analyzed. In this study, the static coefficient of friction was determined for two types of titanium-on-titanium stem-adaptor couples, using actual cut-outs of the final implants, to ensure that the coefficient of friction was determined consistently for the actual implant material and surface finish characteristics. Two types of tapers were examined, Biomet type-1 and 12/14, where type-1 has a polished surface finish and the 12/14 is a microgrooved system. We found static coefficients of friction of 0.19 and 0.29 for the 12/14 and type-1 stem-adaptor couples, respectively.
Experimental Measurement of the Static Coefficient of Friction at the Ti–Ti Taper Connection in Total Hip Arthroplasty
Manuscript received July 9, 2015; final manuscript received December 23, 2015; published online January 29, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Michael Detamore.
Bitter, T., Khan, I., Marriott, T., Schreurs, B. W., Verdonschot, N., and Janssen, D. (January 29, 2016). "Experimental Measurement of the Static Coefficient of Friction at the Ti–Ti Taper Connection in Total Hip Arthroplasty." ASME. J Biomech Eng. March 2016; 138(3): 034505. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4032446
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