In the latest generation of wire bonders, the cycle is so short that the wand electrode is kept stationary and the electronic flame off (EFO) discharge is from the side of the wire. This is the discharge that heats and melts the wire causing roll up into a ball that is pressed down onto the chip to form a ball bond. The balls must be perfectly formed with defects in the few ppm range. In the first part of the paper, the fixed, conically shaped side wand and the improved ring wand design are studied by considering the electrostatic field before the breakdown. In the second part of the paper, discharge development starting from the initial electrostatic field between a wire and a ring wand up to the breakdown, and ionization growth in the gap between the electrodes are both examined by numerical simulations. In the computations, the conservation equations for ions and electrons and Poisson’s equation have been employed for the self-consistent electric field. Based on sensitivity to wire length and wire deflection, the results show that the ring wand is a better design than the conical side wand electrode for ball formation and wire bonding. Also, positive wire polarity is preferred over negative wire polarity.
Fixed Wand Electronic Flame-Off for Ball Formation in the Wire Bonding Process
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Qin, W., Cohen, I. M., and Ayyaswamy, P. S. (September 1, 1994). "Fixed Wand Electronic Flame-Off for Ball Formation in the Wire Bonding Process." ASME. J. Electron. Packag. September 1994; 116(3): 212–219. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2905688
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