This study investigates the influence of injection timing (IT) on combustion-emission-performance aspects of the compression ignition (CI) engine, running with emulsified plastic oil (EPO). The IT was advanced (250 bTDC) as well as retarded (210 bTDC) for EPO run engine, and the obtained results were compared with EPO and neat diesel run engine at standard IT (230 bTDC). At full load, the peak cylinder pressure increased to 64.7 bar when the IT was advanced to 250 bTDC. The corresponding peak heat release rate also increased to 40.29 J/CA due to the advancement of IT in comparison with the standard IT. The brake-specific fuel consumption (BSFC) also improved at all loading conditions. However, the advancement of IT increased the nitrogen oxides (NOx), and temperature of exhaust gas slightly. In addition, 250 bTDC for EPO also reduced the unburnt hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and smoke emissions w.r.t the standard IT. Largely, the advanced IT improved the majority of the engine characteristics for EPO except for the NOx, but that is also lower than diesel-run operation. Thus, 250 bTDC (for EPO) exhibits promising potential to be implemented in CI engines.

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