This study examines the effects of surface roughness on the streamwise development of a vortex created by an isolated circular jet injected at 45 deg pitch and 90 deg skew into a crossflow. The study is motivated by the typical surface conditions encountered on in-service turbine blades of gas-turbine engines. Detailed measurements of the velocity field have been performed with a miniature four-wire probe at the jet exit plane, in the oncoming cross-stream boundary layer, and in a series of planes that capture the streamwise development of the vortex in the crossflow boundary layer up to about 15 jet-discharge diameters downstream of the jet. The paper presents the effects of surface roughness on the structure of the dominant streamwise vortex created by the interaction of the inclined jet with the mainstream, and documents the changes in the location, streamwise rate of change of circulation, and streamwise rate of diffusion of this vortex. Through these results, the change in the effectiveness of the vortex in energizing the boundary layer in the presence of surface roughness can be quantified.
Measurements of Surface-Roughness Effects on the Development of a Vortex Produced by an Inclined Jet in Cross-Flow
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division October 30, 2002; revised manuscript received December 11, 2003. Associate Editor: A. K. Prasad.
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Yaras, M. I. (July 12, 2004). "Measurements of Surface-Roughness Effects on the Development of a Vortex Produced by an Inclined Jet in Cross-Flow ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. May 2004; 126(3): 346–354. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1758260
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