In the current study, we report the results of a detailed and systematic numerical investigation of developing pipe flow of inelastic non-Newtonian fluids obeying the power-law model. We are able to demonstrate that a judicious choice of the Reynolds number allows the development length at high Reynolds number to collapse onto a single curve (i.e., independent of the power-law index ). Moreover, at low Reynolds numbers, we show that the development length is, in contrast to existing results in the literature, a function of power-law index. Using a simple modification to the recently proposed correlation for Newtonian fluid flows (Durst, F. et al., 2005, “The Development Lengths of Laminar Pipe and Channel Flows,” J. Fluids Eng., 127, pp. 1154–1160) to account for this low Re behavior, we propose a unified correlation for , which is valid in the range and .
Development-Length Requirements for Fully Developed Laminar Pipe Flow of Inelastic Non-Newtonian Liquids
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Poole, R. J., and Ridley, B. S. (April 20, 2007). "Development-Length Requirements for Fully Developed Laminar Pipe Flow of Inelastic Non-Newtonian Liquids." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. October 2007; 129(10): 1281–1287. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2776969
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