Based on the length of the tip cavitation as an indication of cavitation, we focused on the effect of thermodynamics on cavitation performances and cavitation instabilities in an inducer. Comparison of the tip cavity length in liquid nitrogen ( and ) as working fluid with that in cold water allowed us to estimate the strength of the thermodynamic effect on the cavitations. The degree of thermodynamic effect was found to increase with an increase of the cavity length, particularly when the cavity length extended over the throat of the blade passage. In addition, cavitation instabilities occurred both in liquid nitrogen and in cold water when the cavity length increased. Subsynchronous rotating cavitation appeared both in liquid nitrogen and in cold water. In the experiment using liquid nitrogen, the temperature difference between and affected the range in which the subsynchronous rotating cavitation occurred. In contrast, deep cavitation surge appeared only in cold water at lower cavitation numbers. From these experimental results, it was concluded that when the cavity length extends over the throat, the thermodynamic effect also affects the cavitation instabilities as a “thermal damping” through the unsteady cavitation characteristics.
Thermodynamic Effect on Cavitation Performances and Cavitation Instabilities in an Inducer
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Kikuta, K., Yoshida, Y., Watanabe, M., Hashimoto, T., Nagaura, K., and Ohira, K. (September 22, 2008). "Thermodynamic Effect on Cavitation Performances and Cavitation Instabilities in an Inducer." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. November 2008; 130(11): 111302. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2969426
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