Two-dimensional particle image velocimetry measurements and three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analyses have been performed on the steady velocity field inside the shrouded impeller of a low specific-speed centrifugal pump operating with a vaneless diffuser. Flow rates ranging from 80% to 120% of the design flow rate are considered in detail. It is observed from the velocity measurements that secondary flows occur. These flows result in the formation of regions of low velocity near the intersection of blade suction side and shroud. The extent of this jet-wake structure decreases with increasing flow rate. Velocity fields have also been computed from Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations with the Spalart–Allmaras turbulence model using a commercial CFD code. For the considered flow rates, the qualitative agreement between measured and computed velocity profiles is very good. Overall, the average relative difference between these velocity profiles is around 5%. Additional CFD computations have been performed to assess the influence of Reynolds number and the shape of the inlet velocity profile on the computed velocity fields. It is found that the influence of Reynolds number is mild. The shape of the inlet profile has only a weak effect at the shroud.
PIV Measurements and CFD Computations of Secondary Flow in a Centrifugal Pump Impeller
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Westra, R. W., Broersma, L., van Andel, K., and Kruyt, N. P. (June 15, 2010). "PIV Measurements and CFD Computations of Secondary Flow in a Centrifugal Pump Impeller." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. June 2010; 132(6): 061104. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4001803
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