Local heat-transfer coefficients were experimentally mapped along the midchord of a five-times-size turbine blade airfoil in a static cascade operated at room temperature over a range of Reynolds numbers. The test surface consisted of a composite of commercially available materials: a mylar sheet with a layer of cholesteric liquid crystals, which change color with temperature, and a heater sheet made of a carbon-impregnated paper, which produces uniform heat flux. After the initial selection and calibration of the composite sheet, accurate, quantitative, and continuous heat-transfer coefficients were mapped over the airfoil surface. The local heat-transfer coefficients are presented for Reynolds numbers from 2.8×105 to 7.6×105. Comparisons are made with analytical values of heat-transfer coefficients obtained from the STAN5 boundary layer code. Also, a leading-edge separation bubble was revealed by thermal and flow visualization.
Local Heat-Transfer Measurements on a Large Scale-Model Turbine Blade Airfoil Using a Composite of a Heater Element and Liquid Crystals
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Hippensteele, S. A., Russell, L. M., and Torres, F. J. (October 1, 1985). "Local Heat-Transfer Measurements on a Large Scale-Model Turbine Blade Airfoil Using a Composite of a Heater Element and Liquid Crystals." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. October 1985; 107(4): 953–960. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3239841
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