Coal-water slurry having micronized coal particles with approximately 50 percent coal loading is successfully ignited and combusted in one cylinder of a two-cylinder 645 EMD engine by using diesel fuel pilot ignition aid. The effects of three different parameters, namely, (a) pilot timing, (b) pilot amount, and (c) CWS fuel amount, are investigated in detail. The physical trends of combustion under single parametric variations are presented in terms of the cylinder pressure, temperature, heat release rates, and cumulative heat release curves. CWS combustion with less than 5 percent of the energy of combustion coming from pilot fuel is achieved.

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