Optimization of blade stacking in low-pressure (LP) steam turbine development constitutes one of the most delicate and time-consuming parts of the design process. This is the second part of two papers focusing on stacking strategies applied to the last stage guide vane and represents an attempt to discern the aerodynamic targets that can be achieved by each of the well-known and most often used basic stacking schemes. The effects of lean and twist have been investigated through an iterative process, involving comprehensive 3D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of the last two stages of a standard LP, where the basic lean and twist stacking schemes were applied on the last stage guide vanes while keeping the throat area (TA) unchanged. It has been found that it is possible to achieve the same target value and pattern of stage reaction by applying either tangential lean or an equivalent value of twist. Moreover, the significance of axial sweep on hub reaction has been found to become pronounced when the blade sweep is carried out at constant TA. The importance of hub-profiling has also been demonstrated and assessed. Detailed analysis of the flow fields has provided an overall picture, revealing the differences in the main flow parameters as produced by each of the alternative basic stacking schemes.
Three-Dimensional Blade Stacking Strategies and Understanding of Flow Physics in Low-Pressure Steam Turbines—Part II: Stacking Equivalence and Differentiators
Contributed by the Turbomachinery Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received July 20, 2015; final manuscript received September 10, 2015; published online November 17, 2015. Editor: David Wisler.
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Havakechian, S., and Denton, J. (November 17, 2015). "Three-Dimensional Blade Stacking Strategies and Understanding of Flow Physics in Low-Pressure Steam Turbines—Part II: Stacking Equivalence and Differentiators." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. June 2016; 138(6): 062601. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4031642
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