The major exhaust gas pollutants from heavy duty gas turbine engines are CO and . The difficulty of predicting the concentration of these combustion products originates from their wide range of chemical time scales. In this paper, a combustion model that includes the prediction of the carbon monoxide and nitric oxide emissions is tested. Large eddy simulations (LES) are performed using a compressible code (OpenFOAM). A modified flamelet generated manifolds (FGM) approach is applied with an artificially thickened flame approach (ATF) to resolve the flame on the numerical grid, with a flame sensor to ensure that the flame is only thickened in the flame region. For the prediction of the CO and emissions, pollutant species transport equations and a second, CO based, progress variable are introduced for the flame burnout zone to account for slow chemistry effects. For the validation of the models, the Cambridge burner of Sweeney et al. (2012, “The Structure of Turbulent Stratified and Premixed Methane/Air Flames—I: Non-Swirling Flows,” Combust. Flame, 159, pp. 2896–2911; 2012, “The Structure of Turbulent Stratified and Premixed Methane/Air Flames—II: Swirling Flows,” Combust. Flame, 159, pp. 2912–2929.) is employed, as both carbon monoxide and nitric oxide [Apeloig et al. (2016, “PLIF Measurements of Nitric Oxide and Hydroxyl Radicals Distributions in Swirl Stratified Premixed Flames,” 18th International Symposium on the Application of Laser and Imaging Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, July 4–7.)] data are available.
Prediction of CO and NOx Pollutants in a Stratified Bluff Body Burner
Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received June 8, 2017; final manuscript received July 5, 2017; published online June 25, 2018. Editor: David Wisler.
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Gruhlke, P., Proch, F., Kempf, A. M., Dederichs, S., Beck, C., and Mahiques, E. I. (June 25, 2018). "Prediction of CO and NOx Pollutants in a Stratified Bluff Body Burner." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. October 2018; 140(10): 101502. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4039833
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