A local heat–flux measurement system was built, calibrated, and tested for use in unsteady flows. The system was designed to maintain constant-wall-temperature boundary conditions. The measuring element is a thin-film heat flux gage made by sputter-coating gold onto a substrate. A constant-temperature anemometer is used to maintain the thin-film gage at a specified temperature under fluctuating conditions. A separate temperature control system maintains the surrounding boundary at the gage temperature. The system was calibrated for both steady and unsteady flows using a specially designed calibrator for local heat flux gages. The steady calibration was done with predominantly convective heat transfer. The unsteady calibration was achieved by adding oscillating radiant energy to the surface. Consequently, quantitative results can be obtained for both the mean and fluctuating components of the heat transfer. The frequency response was good to over 90 Hz. Sample results are presented of the unsteady heat transfer over a circular cylinder caused by natural vortex shedding at 70 to 80 Hz.
Design and Calibration of a Local Heat-Flux Measurement System for Unsteady Flows
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Campbell, D. S., Gundappa, M., and Diller, T. E. (May 1, 1989). "Design and Calibration of a Local Heat-Flux Measurement System for Unsteady Flows." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. May 1989; 111(2): 552–557. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3250713
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