The heat transfer and pressure drop of three types of shell-and-tube heat exchangers, one with conventional segmental baffles and the other two with continuous helical baffles, were experimentally measured with water flowing in the tube side and oil flowing in the shell side. The genetic algorithm has been used to determine the coefficients of correlations. It is shown that under the identical mass flow, a heat exchanger with continuous helical baffles offers higher heat transfer coefficients and pressure drop than that of a heat exchanger with segmental baffles, while the shell structure of the side-in-side-out model offers better performance than that of the middle-in-middle-out model. The predicted heat transfer rates and friction factors by means of the genetic algorithm provide a closer fit to experimental data than those determined by regression analysis. The predicted corrections of heat transfer and flow performance in the shell sides may be used in engineering applications and comprehensive study. It is recommended that the genetic algorithm can be used to handle more complicated problems and to obtain the optimal correlations.
Experimental Study and Genetic-Algorithm-Based Correlation on Shell-Side Heat Transfer and Flow Performance of Three Different Types of Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers
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Wang, Q., Xie, G., Peng, B., and Zeng, M. (December 3, 2006). "Experimental Study and Genetic-Algorithm-Based Correlation on Shell-Side Heat Transfer and Flow Performance of Three Different Types of Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. September 2007; 129(9): 1277–1285. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2739611
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