Temperature-dependent viscosity effect in buoyancy driven flow of a gas or a liquid in an enclosure filled with a porous medium is studied numerically based on the general model of momentum transfer in a porous medium. The exponential form of viscosity-temperature relation is applied to examine three cases of viscosity-temperature relation: constant, decreasing, and increasing. Application of arithmetic and harmonic mean values of the viscosity is also investigated for their ability to represent the Nusselt number versus the effective Rayleigh number. Heat lines are illustrated for a more comprehensive investigation of the problem.
Heatline Visualization of Natural Convection in a Porous Cavity Occupied by a Fluid With Temperature-Dependent Viscosity
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Hooman, K., and Gurgenci, H. (January 28, 2008). "Heatline Visualization of Natural Convection in a Porous Cavity Occupied by a Fluid With Temperature-Dependent Viscosity." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. January 2008; 130(1): 012501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2780179
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