Applications of impinging jets are wide-ranging from cooling to heating in industrial as well as domestic field. Most of the reported heat transfer distribution data to and from impinging jets have been found from steady-state measurements. This study utilizes the solution to three-dimensional (3D) inverse heat conduction problem to estimate transient temperatures on the impingement side. Then, the temperature gradient is determined near the impingement wall (∼0.01 mm inside) with which transient heat flux is estimated on the impingement side. Instead of steady-state values, transient heat flux and corresponding wall temperatures are utilized in a thin foil technique to find out heat transfer coefficient and reference temperature simultaneously. The scope of the present technique is examined through its application to impinging jets with various configurations such as laminar jet, turbulent jet, hot jet, cold jet, and multiple jets. In all cases, estimations are reasonably close. The application of this inverse technique can be extended to any configuration of jet impingement irrespective of geometry of nozzle (circular/rectangular), the orientation of nozzle (orthogonal/inclined), the temperature of a jet (hot/cold), Reynolds numbers (laminar/turbulent), the nozzle-to-plate spacing (any Z/d), and roughness of the plate surface. The effect of plate thickness on the accuracy of the present technique is also studied. Up to 5 mm thick plates can be used in impinging jet applications without worrying much on accuracy. The use of the present technique significantly reduces the experimental cost and time since it works on transient data of just a few seconds.