The dynamic behavior of an air bubble, emanating from a 0.32 mm i.d., 0.64 mm o.d., vertical capillary-tube orifice with a bubble interval of 0.22–0.28 s at constant pressure and adiabatic conditions, as well as droplet impact and spreading on a hydrophobic surface are characterized. Images of the mili-scale spatial-temporal evolution of bubbles (embryonic appearance at orifice tip → growth and detachment → translation) as well as droplets were acquired using a high-speed (5000 frames/s) digital video camera fitted with a optical zoom lens. It was triggered through a computer interface to record continuous high-speed video from which any desired frame can be captured by digital-video-processing software; the equivalent departure diameter was estimated by area-averaging using image processing software. The impact, spreading, and recoil behaviors of ethanol and water droplets on a horizontal stainless steel surface are depicted in Fig. 1. For constant Weber number , the spreading and recoil dynamics in the two cases are significantly different. Higher wettability of ethanol promotes greater spreading and dampens recoil in comparison with that seen in water. Figure 2 depicts the growth of an air bubble in pools of ethanol and water. While displaying similar ebullience, a bubble of smaller size and surface age is produced in low-surface-tension ethanol. Dynamic shape variations of the air bubble as it translates upwards in the pool are seen in Fig. 3. From a nearly spherical, tear-drop bubble, the shape changes to an oblate ellipsoid during translation, and surface tension effects are manifest only in the size of respective bubbles.
Mili-Scale Visualization of Bubble Growth-Translation and Droplet Impact Dynamics
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Manglik, R. M., Jog, M. A., Subramani, A., and Gatne, K. (August 1, 2006). "Mili-Scale Visualization of Bubble Growth-Translation and Droplet Impact Dynamics." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. August 2006; 128(8): 736. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2221299
Download citation file: