In this paper, residual stresses due to indentation and rolling of a rigid cylinder on a finite plate at a very high rolling load with a relative peak pressure of 22 are examined by two-dimensional plane strain finite element analyses using abaqus for the first time. In the finite element analyses, the roller is modeled as rigid and has frictionless contact with the finite plate. The geometry of the finite plate and its boundary conditions are assigned to correspond to those of fillet rolling of crankshafts with the constraint in the rolling direction. Finite element analyses with different meshes for single indentation on an elastic flat plate under plane strain conditions are first carried out, and the results are benchmarked with those of the elastic Hertzian solutions to establish the requirement of the finite element meshes for acceptable numerical results. The results show that the accuracy of computational results is limited by the discretization of the finite element analysis by a plot of the contact width as a function of the load. For accurate peak pressure, a total of at least eight linear elements are needed. Finite element analyses with different meshes for single indentation on an elastic–plastic flat plate under plane strain conditions are then carried out. The plate material is modeled as an elastic–plastic power-law strain hardening material with a nonlinear kinematic hardening rule for loading and unloading. The computational results are compared to establish the requirement of the finite element meshes for acceptable numerical results within 4 mm distance to the rolling surface for the crankshaft fatigue analyses. The computational results for rolling at the relative peak pressure of 22 show that the symmetric Hertzian or modified Hertzian pressure distribution should not be used to represent the contact pressure distribution for rolling simulation, while the computational results for rolling at the relative peak pressure of 5 show that the symmetric Hertzian or modified Hertzian pressure distribution may be used to represent the contact pressure distribution for rolling simulation. The computational results for the rolling case also show a significantly higher longitudinal compressive residual stress and a lower out-of-plane compressive residual stress along the contact surface when compared to those for the single indentation case. The results suggest that the effects of rolling must be accounted for when two-dimensional finite element analyses of crankshaft sections are used to investigate the residual stresses due to fillet rolling of the crankshafts under the prescribed roller loads. Due to the boundary conditions of the finite plate, the compressive residual stresses are larger when compared to those when the boundary conditions of the finite plate are fully relaxed.
Residual Stresses Due to Rigid Cylinder Indentation and Rolling at a Very High Rolling Load
Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received October 7, 2014; final manuscript received July 5, 2015; published online September 4, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Yannis Korkolis.
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Ali, M. Y., and Pan, J. (September 4, 2015). "Residual Stresses Due to Rigid Cylinder Indentation and Rolling at a Very High Rolling Load." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. October 2015; 137(5): 051005. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4031067
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