Background. By the mid-1990s, the importance of the early introduction of new products to both market share and profitability became fully understood. Thus, reducing product time-to-market became an essential requirement for continuous competition. Coupled with the fact that about 70% of the life cycle cost of a product is committed at early design phases, the motivation for developing and implementing more effective methodologies for managing the design process of new product development projects became very strong. Method of Approach. One tool that helps in understanding and analyzing such a project is the design structure matrix (DSM). This paper presents a framework that obtains an optimum sequence of project activities—presented by the DSM—that minimizes total time and cost given stochastic activity estimated time and cost. The framework interfaces a meta-heuristic optimization algorithm called simulated annealing with a commercial risk analysis software. Results. The proposed framework was applied to a design project and the results have shown a robust solution minimum was reached. Conclusions. Since much of the time and cost involved in the design process is attributable to its expensive iterative nature. The framework presented in this paper improves a design project via obtaining an optimum sequence of its activities that minimizes total time and cost.
Re-sequencing of Design Processes With Activity Stochastic Time and Cost: An Optimization-Simulation Approach
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Abdelsalam, H. M. E., and Bao, H. P. (November 12, 2005). "Re-sequencing of Design Processes With Activity Stochastic Time and Cost: An Optimization-Simulation Approach." ASME. J. Mech. Des. February 2007; 129(2): 150–157. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2216730
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