Capturing noncooperative targets in space has great prospects for aerospace application. In this work, the knuckle unit of a large-scale reconfigurable space multifingered hand (LSRSMFH) for multitask requirements is studied. A plurality of knuckle units is connected in series to form a finger of the LSRSMFH. First, the lockable spherical (lS) joint, a new metamorphic joint that can function as a Hooke (lS1) or spherical (lS2) joint and is driven by shape memory alloy (SMA) material, is proposed. Based on the lS joint, this paper presents a new metamorphic parallel mechanism (MPM) (i.e., 3RRlS MPM), which has four configurations, namely, 3RRlS1, 3RRlS2, 2RRlS1-RRlS2, and 2RRlS2-RRlS1 configuration. The degree-of-freedom (DOF), overconstraint, and parasitic motion of the 3RRlS MPM are analyzed using screw theory, of which the DOF can be changed from 1 to 3. The 3RRlS1 configuration has a virtual constraint, and the 3RRlS2 configuration has parasitic motions. The results indicate that the mechanism motion screws can qualitatively represent the mechanism parasitic motions, and it is verified by deriving the kinematic equation of the 3RRlS MPM based on its spatial geometric conditions, the workspace of the 3RRlS MPM is further solved. The kinematic analysis indicates that the 3RRlS MPM can realize the folding, capturing, and reconfiguring conditions of the LSRSMFH.
Design and Kinematic Analysis of a 3RRlS Metamorphic Parallel Mechanism for Large-Scale Reconfigurable Space Multifingered Hand
Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANISMS AND ROBOTICS. Manuscript received October 25, 2017; final manuscript received May 8, 2018; published online June 18, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Hai-Jun Su.
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Zhao, C., Guo, H., Liu, R., Deng, Z., and Li, B. (June 18, 2018). "Design and Kinematic Analysis of a 3RRlS Metamorphic Parallel Mechanism for Large-Scale Reconfigurable Space Multifingered Hand." ASME. J. Mechanisms Robotics. August 2018; 10(4): 041012. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040356
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