This article presents evaluation results of connected vehicles and their applications. Vehicle-to-vehicle communication (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication (V2I) can enable a new paradigm of vehicle applications. The connected vehicle applications could significantly improve vehicle safety, mobility, energy savings, and productivity by utilizing real-time vehicle and traffic information. In the foreseeable future, connected vehicles need to operate alongside unconnected vehicles. This makes the evaluation of connected vehicles and their applications challenging. The hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) testbed can be used as a tool to evaluate the connected vehicle applications in a safe, efficient, and economic fashion. The HIL testbed integrates a traffic simulation network with a powertrain research platform in real time. Any target vehicle in the traffic network can be selected so that the powertrain research platform will be operated as if it is propelling the target vehicle. The HIL testbed can also be connected to a living laboratory where actual on-road vehicles can interact with the powertrain research platform.
Evaluating Connected Vehicles and Their Applications
Mohd Azrin Mohd Zulkefli received the B.S. and M.S. degrees in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, in 2006 and 2009, respectively. He is currently pursuing the Ph.D. degree with the Automotive Propulsion Control Group in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. His research interests are optimization and evaluation of hybrid vehicles in a connected vehicle setting.
Pratik Mukherjee received the B.S. and M.S. degrees in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities in 2014 and 2016, respectively. He is currently pursuing the Ph.D. degree with the Coordination at Scale Lab in Electrical Engineering at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg. His current research interest is multi-agent topological control for autonomous robots.
Yunli Shao received the B.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China, in 2013, and the M.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, in 2015. He is currently working toward the Ph.D. degree with the Automotive Propulsion Control Lab in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. His research interests are control, optimization and evaluation of connected vehicles.
Zongxuan Sun received the B.S. degree in automatic control from Southeast University, Nanjing, China, in 1995, and the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA, in 1998 and 2000, respectively. He is currently Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA, and the Co-Deputy Director of the NSF Engineering Research Center of Compact and Efficient Fluid Power. He was a Staff Researcher (2006–2007) and a Senior Researcher (2000–2006) at General Motors Research and Development Center, Warren, MI, USA. He has published more than 110 refereed technical papers and received 19 U.S. patents. His research interests include controls and mechatronics with applications to automotive propulsion systems.
Mohd Zulkefli, M. A., Mukherjee, P., Shao, Y., and Sun, Z. (December 1, 2016). "Evaluating Connected Vehicles and Their Applications." ASME. Mechanical Engineering. December 2016; 138(12): S12–S17. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2016-Dec-3
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