Residual macrostresses in a multipass circumferentially butt-welded P91 ferritic steel pipe have been determined numerically and experimentally. The welded joint in a pipe with an outer diameter of 290 mm and a wall thickness of 55 mm is typical of power generation plant components. An axisymmetric thermomechanical finite element model has been used to predict the resulting residual hoop and axial stresses in the welded pipe. The effects of the austenite to martensite phase transformation have been incorporated into the simulation. Residual stresses have been measured using the X-ray diffraction technique along the outer surface of the pipe and using the deep-hole drilling technique through the wall thickness at the center of the weld. Good correlation has been demonstrated between the residual hoop and the axial stresses obtained numerically and experimentally. The paper demonstrates the importance of using a mixed experimental and numerical approach to determine accurately the residual macrostress distribution in welded components.
A Comparison Between Measured and Modeled Residual Stresses in a Circumferentially Butt-Welded P91 Steel Pipe
Yaghi, A. H., Hyde, T. H., Becker, A. A., Sun, W., Hilson, G., Simandjuntak, S., Flewitt, P. E. J., Pavier, M. J., and Smith, D. J. (January 5, 2010). "A Comparison Between Measured and Modeled Residual Stresses in a Circumferentially Butt-Welded P91 Steel Pipe." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2010; 132(1): 011206. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4000347
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